73.  The 10 Bases of Meritorious Action  consist of giving, of morality, of mental development (meditation), reverence, service, transference of merit, rejoicing in others’ merit, expounding the Dharma, listening to the Dharma, and straightening one’s right views.

74.  The 10 Evil Acts  (or 10 Evil Deeds)  are:  killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying, slander, coarse language, empty chatter, greed, angry speech, wrong views.  (Note: Taking intoxicants is not included in this formulation.)

75.  The 10 Fetters (Hinders).  There are 10 fetters tying beings to the wheel of existence, namely:  (1) Personality-belief (wrong and evil view or opinion); (2) Sceptical Doubt (about the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha); (3) Clinging to mere rules and ritual; (4) Sensuous Craving; (5) Ill-will; (6) Craving for fine-material existence; (7) Craving for immaterial existence; (8) Conceit; (9) Restlessness; and (10) Ignorance.   The Buddha said, “He who is free from all the 10 fetters is called an Arahat, i.e. a Perfectly Holy One.”

76.  The 10 Perfections (or 10 Qualities Leading to Buddhahood) are:  (1) Perfection in Giving, (2) Perfection in Morality, (3) Renunciation, (4) Wisdom, (5) Energy (Determination), (6) Patience (Forbearance), (7) Truthfulness, (8) Resolution, (9) Loving-Kindness, and (10) Equanimity.

77.  The 10 Powers of the Buddha.  It is said that Shakyamuni Buddha possesses the 10 Powers: (1) understanding according to reality the possible as possible, and the impossible as impossible; (2)  the result of past, present and future actions; (3) the path leading to the welfare of all; (4) the world with its many different elements; (5) the different inclinations in beings;  (6) the lower and higher faculties in beings; (7) the defilement, purity and rising with regard to the Absorptions, Deliverances, Concentration and Attainments; (8) remembering many former rebirths; (9) perceiving with the divine eye how being vanish and reappear again according to their actions (Karma); and (10) gaining, through extinction of all taints, possession of ‘Deliverance of Mind’ and ‘Deliverance through Wisdom.'”

78.  The 10 Precepts are binding on all novices, nuns, and monks, namely:  (1) Abstaining from killing, (2) from stealing, (3) from unchastity, (4) from lying, (5) from the use of intoxicants, (6) from eating after midday, (7) from dancing and singing, (8) from wearing perfume, (9) from luxurious beds, and (10) from accepting gold, silver or other jewels.

79.  The 10 Recollections (or Meditation, Contemplation) are:  (1) Recollection of the Buddha, (2) His Doctrine, (3) His Community of Noble Disciples, (4) of  Morality, (5) Liberality, (6) Heavenly Beings, (7) Mindfulness on Death, (8) Mindfulness on the Body, (9) Mindfulness on Breathing, and (10) the Recollection of Peace.

80.  The 10 Virtues (abstaining from the 10 Evil Acts) are: no killing, no stealing, no sexual misconduct, no lying, no duplicity, no harsh words, no flattery, no greed, no hatred, and no ignorance (delusion).

81.  The 12 Factors (or Links) of Dependent Origination are: ignorance, karma, formation of consciousness, mind and body, the six senses, contact, feeling, craving, grasping, becoming, birth,  and aging and death.

82.   The 18 Chief Kinds of Insight-Knowledges (or Principal Insights) are:  (1) contemplation of impermanence, (2) of suffering, (3) of non-self, (4) of aversion, (5) of detachment, (6) of extinction, (7) of abandoning, (8) of waning, (9) of vanishing, (10) of change, (11) of the unconditioned, (12) of desirelessness, (13) of emptiness, (14) insight into phenomena which is Higher  Wisdom,  (15) knowledge and vision according to reality, (16) contemplation of misery (or danger), (17) reflecting contemplation, and (18) contemplation of turning away.

83.  The 32 Marks of Excellence (or the 32 Excellent Marks of the Buddha). They are the remarkable physical characteristics possessed by the Buddha; they are the symbols of qualities attained at the highest level of cultivation.

84.  The 37 Things Pertaining to Enlightenment (or 37 ‘Practices Leading to Enlightenment,’  ‘Requisties of Enlightenment’) comprise the entire doctrines of the Buddha.  They are divided into 7 areas, namely,  (1) the 4 Foundations of Mindfulness,  (2) the 4 Right Efforts, (3) the 4 Roads to Power, (4) the 5 Spiritual Faculties, (5) the 5 Mental Powers, (6) the 7 Factors of Enlightenment, and (7) the Noble 8-fold Path.


(Spring Liao, 05/26/2011) (6/7/11)